At OSCON 2008, Tim O’Reilly spoke in his keynote and in a follow-up blog post about the primary challenge now faced by Open Source and Free Software: the network service provider’s Software as a Service (SaaS). As referenced in Tim’s talk, a think-tank group formed in early 2008, called autonomo.us formed to consider how the Free, Libre and Open Source Software (FLOSS) community should address this concern.
So-called Application Service Providers, who provide SaaS, are now the rule rather than the exception in the software industry. The freedom implications of ubiquitous, high-bandwidth networking and AJAX-based application delivery are not yet fully understood nor adequately addressed by the FLOSS Movement. Even those of us who have been paying attention during SaaS’ rise remain somewhat befuddled by the freedom implications of the new environment.
Our Movement must develop a multi-front response to this proprietary threat that will make the 1980s and 1990s battle against proprietary operating system vendors look easy. The challenge is specifically centered around two complex issues: (a) traditional user-freedom-protecting licenses (i.e., the copyleft) fail to protect the freedoms of SaaS users, and (b) even if users have the source code to the application they are using, they cannot run it themselves and generate the same network-effect available in the canonical instance.
This panel discussion will frame and introduce the key questions introduced by these new issues. We will discuss the Affero GPL, which is one of few FLOSS licenses that address this concern from the software licensing perspective, and explain how our traditional FLOSS solutions cannot succeed as easily in this new network service context, and how developers must use server federation and distributed computing to overcome the new challenges we face.
Benjamin Mako Hill is a technology and intellectual property researcher, activist, and consultant. He is currently a Senior Researcher at the MIT Sloan School of Management, a Fellow at the MIT Center for Future Civic Media, and an adviser and contractor for the One Laptop per Child project. He has been an leader, developer, and contributor to the Free and Open Source Software community for more than a decade as part of the Debian and Ubuntu projects. He is the author of several best-selling technical books, and a member of the Free Software Foundation board of directors. Hill has a Masters degree from the MIT Media Lab.
Montreal hacker and entrepreneur. Wikitravel, Keiki, Vinismo, certifica, identi.ca.
Nathan Yergler joined Creative Commons as a software engineer in July 2004. Yergler joined Creative Commons after pioneering the use of Python in the high school programming curriculum at Canterbury School, Fort Wayne, IN. Yergler resides in San Francisco and holds a B.S. in Computer Science from Purdue University (Fort Wayne).
Tim has a history of convening conversations that reshape the industry. In 1998, he organized the meeting where the term “open source software” was agreed on, and helped the business world understand its importance. In 2004, with the Web 2.0 Summit, he defined how “Web 2.0” represented not only the resurgence of the web after the dot com bust, but a new model for the computer industry, based on big data, collective intelligence, and the internet as a platform. In 2009, with his “Gov 2.0 Summit,” he framed a conversation about the modernization of government technology that has shaped policy and spawned initiatives at the Federal, State, and local level, and around the world. He has now turned his attention to implications of the on-demand economy and other technologies that are transforming the nature of work and the future shape of the business world. He is the founder and CEO of O’Reilly Media and a partner at O’Reilly AlphaTech Ventures (OATV). He is also a founder and board member at Maker Media, which spun out of O’Reilly Media in 2012, and a board member at Code for America, PeerJ, Civis Analytics, and PopVox.
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